Automatic Washdown Systems with Dust Control
Accumulated dust from coal handling in conveyor areas is a significant safety concern and is typically removed by regular hose washdowns, which involves substantial labor, management, and safety protocols. Fortunately, Air-Cure provides an automatic method of accomplishing this laborious task with greater consistency and cleanliness.
- Guaranteed thorough automatic cleaning
- Eliminates dust on horizontal surfaces in hard-to-reach areas
- Provides automatic dust disposal through drainage pumps
- Significantly improves operational safety
- Reduces labor costs – Self-operating, cleaning & draining
- Simple operation & maintenance
An automatic washdown system consists of three components:
- Water Supply
- Washdown Spray
- Drainage / Disposal
The system is a canopy (grid) of piping that is near and/or affixed to the ceiling, walls, floor, and coal handling equipment. Spray nozzles are appropriately spaced along the complete length of the piping and the system is divided into general areas and zones in each coal handling plant. Normally only one zone is operated at one time, but can depend on the design of the water supply system and drainage system.
Water Supply System
Each area of each plant will have varying specifications for water supply. The GPM and pressure at each supply point for each area will influence the design. Many times a booster pump will have to be installed or supply piping will have to be run. Another factor to be considered is if the water supply piping passes through a freezing area. The water supply must also be clean or else particulate filters will need to be employed.
Washdown Spraying System
The coal handling is divided up into general areas such as the crusher house or the tripper area, etc. Each general area is then broken up into many zones. The operator opens the main valve to the general area and then opens the valve to each particular zone in that area. Upon actuation of the zone valve, water comes out of the spray nozzles in that zone. When dealing with conveyors, the spray nozzles are directed at the space between the top belt and the return belt. Other nozzles are directed on top of the belt and some are directed under the belt conveyor. Other nozzles are directed at the ceiling beams to wash off horizontal areas. Nozzles are also directed at the walls, to provide complete cleaning. The nozzles near the floor give direction to the water flow to the closest drain. Specific pieces of equipment are washed by carefully aimed nozzles to avoid water advancing into the electrical components (and nozzles are not directly aimed at motors). The piping for each completed zone begins self-draining after the zone valve is closed to prevent freezing, and all zones are drained upon the completion of each washdown sequence. The manual zone valve actuation can be automated for further labor cost savings.
Drainage / Disposal Systems
The design of the drainage system depends on many factors and each area of each plant may have unique considerations. The first question to be addressed is the capacity and condition of the existing drainage system. Often the existing system will be sufficient for the new washdown system, while sometimes a completely new or partially new drainage system will have to be supplied. The main factor in the design of the drainage system is the amount of water coming from each zone and the approximate length of time each zone is in operation. The coal dust is disposed of at a collection basin for dewatering. Sealing is applied to upper floors or elevated areas of washdown systems to prevent leakage of water and dust to adjacent areas.
The washdown system will provide 100% coverage of the area in that particular zone. 95% of the accumulated dust that is 1/8″ or smaller will be removed from all surfaces. Washdown systems are applied to the following coal handling areas: car dumpers, conveyor galleries, crusher houses, reclaim areas, transfer towers, top of bunkers and silos. They are also applied to coal handling areas in PRB coal mines.